of soul and Karma: Every living being is a soul , existing in the world
from infinite time, passing through the cycles of birth and death. It
is bound by Karma (a fine form of matter) through its own action of passion
- attachment and aversion. Soul itself is the master of its own fate,
responsible for all its action - good or otherwise . Jainism does not
passion leading to Emancipation: Soul in the worldly existence undergoes
suffering caused by Karma. It also possesses the potentiality of attaining
Emancipation. First by getting rid of passions (such as anger, pride,
deceit, and greed ) and attaining omniscience through right knowledge,
right faith, right conduct and right penance one can finally get emancipated.
and Non-possessiveness: The practice of religion consist in the renunciation
of two deadly sins of humanity - the aggressive urge and the possessive
urge - through Non- violence and Non- possessiveness respectively. The
basic principles leading to this two are -(1) all souls are equal to ones
own soul ; (2) limitless desires and possessions vitiate ones attitude
(Anekantvada): It asserts that infinite twin qualities of opposite nature
such as, permanence and change , identity and difference exist in each
and every substance. Therefore Truth is multifaceted . All statements
contain relative truth. To comprehend the complete truth , one has to
take into consideration the different aspects of a thing /even from different
points of view.
is a religious sect under Swetembar Jain. The terapanthi sub-sect is derived
from the Sthanakvasi; section. The Terapanthi sub-sect was founded by
Swami Bhikanaji Maharaj. Swami Bhikanaji was formerly a Sthanakvasi saint
and had initiation from his Guru, by name Acharya Raghunatha. Swami Bhikanaji
had differences with his Guru on several aspects of religious practices
of Sthanakvasi ascetics It was Founded by Acharya Bhikshu in Vikram Sambat
1817 i.e. June 28th of 1760 ( Saturday ) at KELWA (a small town in Udaipur
District of Rajasthan State ).This sect is entirely based upon the Ideology
of Jain .
Bhikanaji laid stress on the 13 religious principles, namely, (i) five
Mahavratas (great vows), (ii) five samitis (regulations) and (iii) three
Guptis (controls or restraints), his sub-sect was known as the Tera (meaning
thirteen)-pantha sub-sect. In this connection it is interesting to note
that two other interpretations have been given for the use of the term
Terapantha for the sub-sect. According to one account, it is mentioned
that as there were only 13 monks and 13 laymen in the pantha when it was
founded, it was called as Tera (meaning thirteen) -pantha. Sometimes another
interpretation of the term Terapantha is given by its followers. Tera
means yours and pantha means path; in other words, it means,
Lord Mahavira! it is Your path ( Panth )".
HAI PRABHOO YEH TERA_PANTH
practice of regulating the entire Pantha by one Acharya only has become
a characteristic feature of the Terapantha and an example for emulation
by other Panthas. It is noteworthy that all monks and nuns of the Terapantha
scrupulously follow the orders of their Acharya, preach under his guidance
and carry out all religious activities in accordance with his instructions.
Further, the Terapantha regularly observes a remarkable festival known
as Maryada Mahotasava. This distinctive festival is celebrated every year
on the 7th day of the bright half of the month of Magha when all ascetics
and lay disciples,
(monks) and Sädhvis (nuns) are people who have voluntarily given
up their household lives and worldly affairs and have accepted the five
major vows to uplift their souls on the spiritual path. They strictly
follow the rules laid down for them. Shrävaks and shrävikas,
on the other hand, continue to lead worldly lives. They may observe in
full or to a limited extent, twelve minor vows laid down for them.
is non-idolatrous and are very finely organized under the complete direction
of one Acharya, that is, religious Supreme . In its history of little
more than 200 years, the Terapantha had a succession of only 10 Acharyas
from the founder Acharya Bhikanaji as the First Acharya to the present
At present Acharya Mahapragya is the supreme head . He is the Tenth Acharya
of Terapanth religious sect comprising more than 850 monks , nuns, samans
and samanis( a new rank between the ascetic and the lay - followers )
following critical codes of disciplines, and millions of followers all
over the world.
founder Acharya Bikshu Swami & other Acharya's , Acharya Jeetmal popular
name " Jayacharya " ( the 4th Acharya ) & Gandipathi Acharya
Tulsi (the ninth Acharya) was a missionary in the history of Terapanth.
The were a adorable torch - bearers of great spiritualistic tradition
of India . People designated him a "lord of Humanity" His strenuous
efforts are well known to the common people.